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Most important Achievements Of Mesopotamia Civilization

Mesopotamia civilization, many ancient civilizations appeared in many regions of the ancient world, and the star flourished for some civilizations that still amaze the world with its sophistication, including the ancient Egyptian civilization and the Chinese and Greek civilizations and civilizations that originated between the two rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates. As these two rivers embrace the most powerful and most important ancient civilization, the most famous of which are Akkad, Babylon and Assyria.

Ancient Civilizations

If we look at the map of the ancient world, we will find some civilizations that appeared and disappeared, and others appeared on the continents of the world, as the Chinese civilization and Mesopotamia civilization appeared among the oldest civilizations in the world.

The ancient Egyptian civilization appeared in Africa, and Greek and Greek civilization appeared in Europe, and many civilizations appeared in Mesopotamia, the most famous of which is the Sumerian kingdom and it is one of the kingdoms of Mesopotamia.

This kingdom established a great civilization and its lands extended until it reached Dilmun Island, which is currently Bahrain, and is considered one of the oldest civilizations, after which the Kingdom of the Acadians comes when they came from the Arabian Peninsula to Mesopotamia and lived with the Sumerians, then established their state in a period of weak Sumerians.

Among the most famous civilizations is also the Babylonian Kingdom, which is one of the most powerful kingdoms that emerged, after which the Assyrian Kingdom comes as people who migrated from the Arabian Peninsula and also settled in Iraq.

Achievements of Mesopotamia

The establishment of the most powerful states that ruled a legacy monarchy in the cities of Mesopotamia, these civilizations had an organized system of expression that expresses these organized and high-end civilizations at this time, as the king who governs the country was blocked by the help of a number of employees who were chosen by each One according to his specialty.

Society also had a method of division, which is of classes: the ruling class, the free class, and the slave class.

There are many achievements that the people of Mesopotamia added as they were skilled in arithmetic, engineering, and trigonometry, and this is what we see in the way they built zigguras, zodiacs, and temples, and they used brick (brick) in the construction.

The people of Mesopotamia also contributed to the law and legislation, as they established the first laws and legislation in the world as we see in the famous Hammurabi obelisk that contained some civil and criminal legislation and legislation in personal status.

They contributed to finding their own calendar and it is one of the oldest calendars in the world where they divided the year into months, days and hours, and they divided the year into summer and winter seasons.

They contributed to many inventions, the most important of which was the wheel.

They contributed to the field of medicine, where they excelled in medical science and diagnostics.

They contributed to astronomy and geography, and got acquainted with many planets, the colors of these planets and the distances that separate them, in addition to their discovery of the phenomenon of eclipses and eclipses.

They contributed to the invention of weights, lengths and measures.

The inhabitants of Mesopotamia contributed to the most important invention in mankind which is writing, for the first time in history they were able to use writing and they used cuneiform and were writing it on clay tablets with a special pen.

The inhabitants of Mesopotamia left a rich literary heritage such as legendary stories, epics, literature and wisdom like the famous epic of Gilgamesh.

The people of Mesopotamia contributed to agriculture and established irrigation canals, and added a lot to agriculture, and they were producing an abundance of agricultural production because of the Tigris and Euphrates, and they created one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.